The importance of nutrition for health

We are what we eat

Balanced nutrition is essential for a healthy life.

In the case of respiratory patients, adequate nutrition becomes vital.

The main problem that occurs in patients with emphysema is weight loss.

Nutritional status can be quantified by the Body Mass Index (BMI), which is the ratio of weight (kg) divided by height squared (meters).

Causes of malnutrition

A BMI less than 21 Kg/m 2 indicates malnutrition
The causes of malnutrition are varied.

There is a greater feeling of fullness after ingestion with shortness of breath and decreased appetite.
As a consequence, muscle weakness, a deterioration in the quality of life and a predisposition to infections.

What is a balanced diet?

The importance of nutrition for health

The ideal daily diet should provide 35 kilocalories per kg of weight, with a balanced proportion of 20% protein (1 g per kg of weight), 30% lipids and the remaining 50% carbohydrates.

What must be considered?

In general, it is recommended not to abuse fats as they are difficult to digest, while carbohydrates provide energy that is quickly absorbed. On the other hand, an excess of protein increases energy expenditure.
In general, it is recommended to eat small meals several times a day. Food should be nutritious and easy to eat.

What drinks are recommended to obtain a balanced diet?

The best drink is water, at least a liter and a half a day.

Fizzy drinks and alcohol should be avoided.

The usual daily diet should consist of dairy products, cereals, legumes, vegetables, vegetables and fruits.

You can add meat or fish and so-called diet enrichers such as sauces, nuts, cookies, cocoa, honey or eggs.

Appetite stimulants or food supplements are sometimes prescribed individually by specialists.

Finally, physical exercise, such as walking half an hour a day, will be an excellent complement.

The importance of nutrition for health


What to eat when you feel well?

  • Balanced diet (3-4 shots/day).
  • Eat foods with little salt.
  • Avoid heavy digestions.
  • Check your weight periodically.
  • Try to avoid heavy digestions.
  • Try to avoid heavy digestions.
  • Take fiber to combat constipation

What can you eat when you feel bad?

  • Light and not very abundant meals (5-6 servings of soft consistency). Eat foods with little salt.
  • Try to avoid heavy digestions.
  • Avoid flatulent foods (cabbage, cauliflower, onions, etc.) and excessive intake of carbohydrates (bread, pasta, potatoes, rice…).
  • Don’t drink carbonated drinks.
  • Increase your intake of calcium (dairy products and derivatives) while you are taking corticosteroids
  • Oral (cortisone), drink water (minimum 1.5 liters/day) and avoid alcoholic beverages.

Check more information: Gobierno de España

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